Dry Eyes

Dry eyes are a prevalent and bothersome issue that many individuals encounter at some point. They occur when your eyes either produce an insufficient amount of tears or when the tears they produce lack the necessary nourishment and moisture. This can result in discomfort and, in severe cases, potential damage to the cornea, which is the clear outer layer at the front of the eye.

What Are The Symptoms Of Dry Eyes?

Along with dryness, dry eye symptoms can include:

  • Eye pain
  • Excess tears or watery eyes
  • Red eyes
  • Itching and irritation
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Feeling like you have specks of sand trapped in your eye
  • Blurry vision 

What Factors Contribute To Dry Eyes?

Numerous factors related to lifestyle and health can contribute to the development of dry eyes. These include prolonged periods of screen time that reduce our natural blinking rate, exposure to smoke or dry environments, wearing contact lenses, allergies, and the natural aging process, among others.

How Are Dry Eyes Treated?

Treatment for dry eye usually depends on what’s causing your symptoms. There are a few different types of treatment that can ease your symptoms and help keep your eyes healthy.

  1. Eye drops: The most common treatment for mild dry eyes are eye drops called artificial tears. Your optometrist can give you a prescription for targeted medication, and there are also moisturising gels and ointments that may help your eyes feel better.
  2. Lifestyle changes: If something in your life or your environment is causing your dry eyes, or making it worse, your optometrist may suggest changes to help protect your eyes. For example, if a medicine you take for another health condition is causing dry eyes, they may suggest that you try a different medicine.
  3. Home remedies: You may also feel better if you:
  • Avoid smoke, wind, and air conditioning
  • Limit heater and air conditioning use, and use a humidifier to keep the air in your home from getting too dry
  • Try warm compresses
  • Limit screen time and take breaks from staring at screens
  • Wear wraparound sunglasses when you're outside to protect your eyes from wind and harmful UV rays
  • Drink plenty of water and get enough sleep
  • Consume more omega-3 fatty acids

To read more about dry eyes and recommended home remedies, read our in depth article here.

Although dry eyes are common, they should not be tolerated, as they may indicate an underlying condition. Our optometrists possess extensive expertise in identifying the root cause of dry eyes and providing targeted treatments to offer relief, enhance comfort, and safeguard your long-term eye health.

To make an appointment with one of our optometrists, contact us here.

Kosmac & Clemens Optometrists

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